Water is essential for life and for survival. However, for a house and other constructed facilities, excessive water can prove to be disastrous. Water intrusion can result into wood rot, peeling of paint, insect infestation, decrease in the lifespan of roof and siding, etc. The intrusion can incur a lot of financial loss, so it’s recommended to take preventive steps to curb water from intruding into the facilities.
• Windows and doors
Carefully check for any leaks in and around doors and windows, especially in the corners. Check for signs of peeling paint, which is a clear indication of water coming in contact with walls or wood. Also, inspect for any discolorations or caulking occurring on ceilings and swelling of window frames or doors.
Check for water penetration in the roof sheathing, and if required repair or replace the shingles. Leakage can be generally found near chimneys, attic vents, and plumbing vents. To locate the source of any leakage in the roof, measure its distance from the outside wall, and find its corresponding point in the attic by measuring the same distance on the attic ceiling. Both the points should coincide. However, it is worth knowing that water can run along the roof and walls, and pass through rafters and truss for some distance before intruding from the ceiling.
• Foundation and walls
Check for cracks or holes in the external and internal walls of the house, including the joints and foundations. Carefully inspect the locations where electrical wires and pipes exit from the house. If required fill up or repair the holes and cracks with a good quality sealant.
Inspect for faucets whether they are leaking, in addition to “sweating” or dripping pipes, clogged drainage, and faulty water pipes and piping systems. Also, check the hoses of washing machine for any bulges, wetness, and cracks. It’s a good idea to replace them every couple of years to be on the safer side. In addition, check the surface of water heaters for any rust, which can be a clear indication of water intrusion.
• Termite damaged material
Carry out inspection for damage carried out by termites in wooden objects, floors, and beams. Wood when exposed to water or moisture can invite termite infestation.
Check all the air vents leading in and out of the house, including gables and clothes dryer. Inspect the spaces between the vents and the wall – in case of gaps, use a sealant to plug the crevices and cracks.